Recurrent Adolescent and Young Adult Anxiety and Depression are Linked to Family Poverty During Childhood:
Jocelyn (Junru) Liu (LWW Health Clinic)
In 2011, Najman’s team conducted research to see if exposure to family poverty throughout a child’s early childhood affects adolescent and young adult anxiety and depression. They examined data from a birth cohort study of mothers in Brisbane, Australia, who were recruited early in pregnancy and whose children were followed up on at the ages of 14 and 21. At the 14- and 21-year follow-ups, 2609 moms and adolescents submitted valid data. Poverty during the 14-year follow-up was the largest predictor of teenage and early adult anxiety and depression after adjusting for poverty at earlier times. At both the 14- and 21-year follow-ups, the more frequently the kid was exposed to poverty, the greater the risk of anxiety and depression. In conclusion, family poverty predicts greater incidence of anxiety and depression in adolescents and young adults. Increased child poverty exposure is a strong predictor of anxiety and depression in adolescents and young adults. Repeated poverty experiences throughout a child’s early life are linked to higher degrees of poor mental health.
Najman. J. M., Hayabakhsh. M. R. & Williams. G. M. 2010. Family poverty over the early life course and recurrent adolescent and young adult anxiety and depression: A longitudinal study. https://doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.180943